Sensory processing refers to the way the nervous system receives information from the senses and turns it into a response . All activities of daily living; eating, writing, dressing ,riding a bicycle, or reading a book, require accurate processing of sensory information in order to successfully complete the task. Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), exists when sensory signals are not adequately organized or interpreted to create an appropriate response. A person with SPD finds it difficult to process and act on information received through the senses, this creates challenges in performing many daily tasks. Sensory processing difficulties may interfere with an individual’s ability to participate in a variety of environments successfully. Motor clumsiness, behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, school failure, and many other problems may impact those who do not have effective treatment.
Therapists have specialized training and promote functional outcomes and participation in a range of tasks across settings by understanding what foundational skills need support and development in order to gain skills and master participation. The therapist plans and customizes each treatment session for the specific needs and goals of the child. A therapist has specialized skills to help develop and progress age appropriate skills. The therapist uses play as a way to practice skills and work on the goals of the child’s treatment plan.
The duration of therapy is determined by many factors and ranges depending on the needs of the child, the parents goals and child’s response to therapy. Progress with therapy is a steady process tailored to the individual needs of a child and their family.